Psychotherapy consists of a systematic contact with a mental health professional such as psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker or counselor, who are appropriately trained.
The mental health professional-psychotherapist helps people to comprehend their emotions, to solve problems and learn how to handle emotional states such as sorrow, fear, stress, loss, grief. Psychotherapy can be done in person, or to couples, families even to whole groups. Psychotherapy can be relieving and helpful to important problems of every day life such as somatic and mental pathological states.
The National Institute of Mental Health in the USA recommends psychotherapy to people when:
- They feel intense and prolonged feelings of sadness, helplessness and hopelessness
- Their emotional difficulties make them dysfunctional in their important domains of everyday life
- They become dangerous to either themselves or to third people through their acts
- They face intense problems in their everyday relationships.
Nearly 25% of the total population is going to suffer from a depressive or anxiety disorder in their life time.Psychotherapy can effectively reduce depression and anxiety as well as symptoms like fatigue, pain, palpitations